月份:2022年3月

Uitstekende traditionele culturele bescherming Erfenis: Millennium Championship Generator Vitaliteit

Uitstekende traditionele culturele bescherming Erfenis: Millennium Championship Generator Vitaliteit

Op 10 oktober Dit jaar werd Tibet Thangka-associatie formeel vastgesteld.

Thangka Culture is een prachtige bloem in het schattenhuis van de uitstekende traditionele culturele kunst van de Chinese natie, is meer dan 1300 jaar geschiedenis.

In 2006 was Thangka opgenomen in de nationale immateri?le culturele erfgoedlijst. Tibet Tangka-associatie, zei president Awang Jinmei: "De vereniging is bedoeld om de erfenis van Thangka Culture en Thangka-kunst te bevorderen, meer lokale Thangka-beoefenaars te cultiveren, meer non-legacy-erfenissen, voor Tang Carrière- en Industri?le ontwikkelingstalenten, Cohesiefsterkte, All- Ronde, Multi-Angle Force, verbetering van het concurrentievermogen van de karakteristieke culturele culturele industrie van Tibet, laat traditionele culturele verjonging. "De oprichting van Tang Dynasty Association is het bereiken van de historische en culturele erfenis van Tibet. Miniatuur.

Sinds de vreedzame bevrijding heeft het land veel belang gehecht aan de bescherming, het bevorderen en ontwikkelen van Tibetaanse traditionele cultuur, enorme mankracht, financi?le en materi?le bronnen investeren, waardoor de uitstekende traditionele cultuur van Tibet is bevorderd en ontwikkeld en ontwikkeld en ontwikkeld op basis van effectieve bescherming . Tibetaanse taal wordt veel gebruikt. Sinds de oprichting van de autonome regio Tibet Bovendien wordt de Tibetaanse taal op grote schaal gebruikt op het gebied van gezondheid, post, communicatie, transport, financi?n en technologie.

Een reeks elementaire Tibetaanse software opgericht, zoals een National Tibetaanse taal Standaardisatie Werkcommissie om Tibetaanse taalinformatie, R & D-promotie-invoermethoden, besturingssystemen, Office-software, webbrowsers in te schakelen. De staat heeft belang gehecht aan het ondersteunen van de erfenis van Tibetaanse geneeskunde.

Het tot stand brengen van de Tibet Tibetan Medicine University, cultiveert meer dan 7.000 Tibetaanse medische professionals, standaardizing Tibetaanse medische behandelingsnormen, standaardisatie, standaardisatie, schaalproductie Tibetaanse drugs en Tibetaanse farmaceutische industri?le systemen. Tibet heeft 17 Tibetaanse geneesmiddelenfabrikanten via de nationale GMP-certificering, met 311 Tibetaanse geneesmiddelennormen.

Vanaf 2020, 145 Tibetaanse geneeskunde, oude boeken, oude boeken en publiceren.

Het land heeft al meer dan 300 Tibetaanse geneeskunde oude boeken georganiseerd, die meer dan 600 rollen kostbare oude boeken verzamelt. Tibetaans drama is effectief overerving en ontwikkeling.

Tibetaans is het enige minderheidsdrama in mijn land dat alleen de vertegenwoordiger van het Unesco Menselijk Niet-Materiaal Cultureel erfgoed betreedt, erft bijna 600, is ge?volueerd tot 153 mensen, en gevestigde nationale ziekenhuisgroepen op basis van het volksdrama – Tibet Tibetaanse autonome regio TIBET TIBETAN autonome regio Tierandum Troupe. De "Six-String Love", "Six String Love", enz. Wie heeft United National Unity, zijn begonnen aan de nationale fase.

In de afgelopen jaren heeft onder de sterke steun van de partij en de regering de bescherming van de uitstekende traditionele cultuur van Tibet enorme prestaties bereikt en is bijna 800 projecten zoals Tangka, Tibetaanse, Tibetaanse geneeskunde opgenomen in het immateri?le culturele erfgoed. Tibet Uitstekende traditionele cultuur is in de moderne scène van de 21e eeuw, met een unieke stijl van charme. (Editor: TIEREN LUO, WU YUREN) Delen Laat meer mensen zien.

Quickly set off the spring plowing creatures Heilongjiang Province to ensure that all the crops are broadcast in the event

Quickly set off the spring plowing creatures Heilongjiang Province to ensure that all the crops are broadcast in the event

Original title: Our province ensures that all crops are made into a high-yield period.

On the 20th, the Spring Farming Production site in Heilongjiang Province will be held in Beilin District, Suihua City.

The meeting proposed that according to the overall requirements of "anti-disaster, grab the agriculture, the standard, the preservation of spring seeds, and the whole seedlings", and strive to implement the measures of spring farming production, quickly set off a climax of spring farming production, ensuring increased sowing area, ensuring standard quality Not reduced, ensuring that all crops are broadcast all overcome.

The meeting requires that it is necessary to press the right responsibility to ensure the increase in the area, conscientiously implement the "non-agriculturality" of cultivated land, prevent "non-food" requirements, strive to save the amount, amplification, and actively explore the potential of existing cultivated land. Implementing support policies, reasonably arranges planting structure, moderately increases corn area, and strives to reach around 90 million mu. Actively develop rice area, to reach 60 million mu.

Stable soybean area is around 60 million mu.

Implement the Northeast Black Land Protection Tillage Action Plan to ensure that this spring straw cover is exempt from less than 23 million mu. Promoting scientific disaster relief, seeding, and implemented measures against anti-prevention and booming in terms of local conditions. Focus on the promotion of the heat-saving, the raw card, the germination, seedling transplanting, etc., ensuring that not misunderstanding. Strengthen guidance services, improve the quality and sowing quality. It is necessary to be dominated by green development, transform the way agricultural development, and hit "cold land, green organic" advantage. Continue to expand green organic production, this year, the province’s green, organic food, food certification area, 79.2 million mu and 8.8 million mu.

Continue to build a modern farming system, to complete 12.2 million mu of cultivated land-style pilots and 500,000 acres of rice recycling pilot tasks.

The meeting emphasized that "Tibetan grains in the ground, Tibetan grain in the technology" strategy, hit the seed industry to turn over, focus on the high starch corn, more than 350 pounds, more than 350 pounds, high oil, high protein High quality anti-rice of soybeans and good premises.

Protect the "Giant Panda in the Cultivated Land", accelerate the construction of high standard farmland, release the potential of 100 billion pounds, and implement the high-standard farmland construction task of 10.1 million mu. Focus on improving standardization levels and promoting good-breeds of good law. Develop moderate scale operations, the province’s scale management area should reach hundreds of acres, of which the entire managed service area has reached more than 20 million mu. The meeting pointed out that we must strengthen the organization leadership, all localities and relevant departments must conscientiously implement the party and government parties, and put spring farming as the current agricultural countryside to overwrow all tasks.

Agricultural rural departments at all levels must shoulder the subject’s responsibility, strengthen the scheduling and technical guidance of food production, and ensure that the tasks of various tasks are implemented.

Strengthen coordination and cooperation, the agricultural departments must conscientiously fulfill their respective responsibilities, strengthen cooperative cooperation, and form working together.

It is necessary to scientifically, and steadily promote the production recovery of pigs, protect the health of the people and livestock breeding.

It is necessary to improve the quality of spring and summer seedlings, let the people eat with confidence, safety dishes.

We must earnestly do a good job in farmers ‘income work and continuously broaden farmers’ income channels. Grasping high standard farmland construction, human residential environment rectification, agricultural and agricultural product processing projects, etc., promote comprehensive development of agricultural rural economy.

During the meeting, participants observed the land of the North Forest area, rice seedlings, seed industry innovation, dry field sowing, dry fields, etc.

Suihua City, Beida Wilderness Group, Gannan County, Nenjiang City, Fujin City, and Shuangcheng District have an experience exchange from different sides.

(Reporter Zhou Jing) (Question: Zhang Qi, Zhao Yi).

Samsung’s silk successfully recovered, three years ago, the silk was originally like this.

Samsung’s silk successfully recovered, three years ago, the silk was originally like this.

  The skilled person on the loom to restore the textile. Sichuan Provincial Cultural Relics Archaeological Institute, 锦 绣 Museum for Figure Archaeologists also found silk residual ● Perhaps very dense silk fabrics, justice with sacrifices or even as a writing tool; relatively sparse silk fabrics, the possibility of serving as a dress is larger ● 7 silk residue types, There are four kinds of researcically studied recovery.

After recovery in the future, it will be aware that the social appearance of Samsung Pile will provide precious information Samsung Pile Sacrifice Zone has been started since the start of the Samsung.

Recently, the Shujin Woven Embroidery Museum and Chengdu Textile Higher Special Academic School successfully restored three Samsungi unearthed silk types.

Archaeologists believe that these silk and shedding are different, providing reference for Samsungi Silk’s different functions – the use of very dense silk fabrics, justice with sacrifices, even as a writing tool; sparse silk fabric It may be used as a dress. Samsung’s silk texture has different different silk in Samsung, which is a new round of archaeological excavation of Samsung Piles. The historical record is recorded in the West Week, and he has been tribute to Zhou Dynasty. The Warring States Warring, the Warring States Warring, and also portrayed the busy settlement in the Warring States Period. And more than two thousand years ago, when the western region was made, it was also seen in Sichuan and the bamboo sticks from Sichuan in the northern part of Afghanistan. Many scholars believe that the so-called 蜀 布, is likely to be the silk produced by the land. So, there is no silk existence for more than 3,000 years old? The Samsung Pile Sacrifice area launched a new round of archaeological excavations, Sichuan Provincial Cultural Relics Bureau specially invited the Textile Cultural Relics Protection of the National Cultural Relics Bureau’s key research base director to train how to find silk.

After the promotion of the sacrificial pit, the archaeological staff found silk residue or silk protein signal in several other pits other than the 5th pits.

Even if there is no such thing as an unexpected 30 years, the archaeological personnel have not let go, they have discovered silk residues on the 2nd pitted copper ash stacking layer and more than 40 pieces.

What is delighted is that archaeologists not only discover silk, but also discovered coating on silk.

Some of the silk of Samsung Pile may be used as a writing material, thereby finding evidence. When observing these silk residues, the archaeologists found that although these silk fabrics were mostly in muddy or ashing, they can also be seen by high-magnification microscopes, or they can see these wraps, they are due The thickness and density are different and different. Seven types have successfully restored three kinds of three more than 3,000 years ago? Two months ago, Sichuan Provincial Cultural Relics Archaeological Research Institute took the lead in starting the restoration of Samsungi unearthed silkwood.

  Sichuan Provincial Cultural Relics Archeology Institute of Cultural Relics Protection Center Librarian Guo Jianbo is responsible for silk research.

According to him, Silk residue found in Samsung Pile Sacrifice is mainly flat tissue.

In order to more accurately, he measured the thickness and density of these silkwater latitude and weft lines, and the technical personnel of the mortar and embroidered museum will carry the length unit micron into the density unit of the woven, Dang Jin Weiki technical provincial inheritance People Cao Duwu recovered textile according to the parameters.

  After more than a month, Cao Du Wu successfully recovered three kinds of silk types. Guo Jianbo said that when these three silk fabrics are still on the loom, he also thinks "It seems like 3 ordinary white gauze".

However, when the staff cut them from the loom, he found that the three silk fabrics were quite different. "The original parts were made from the silk fabric on the snake-shaped bronze, and it felt very dense, just like paper, than the other two To be hard. Compare the data I have detected before, I found that the two tenderness is more and more secret. The more the effect is more and more. "This result allows Guo Jianbo. There is a coating, guessing some of the silk in the sacrifice pit may be used as a writing carrier.

Then the texture is more dense silk fabric, which is clearly more in line with the requirements of writing. "Guo Jianbo believes that those relatively sparse silk fabrics are used as the possibility of clothes.

  At present, there are still four of the seven silk residue types given by archaeologists, there is still four kinds of researcically studied recovery.

At that time, the silk of Samsung’s people used to present more forms, and for people to understand that the social appearance of Samsung Pile is valuable.

(Reporter Wu Xiaoling Wu Menglin) [Editor: Xu Mengfan].

Shanxi Province increased investment support to return home to start a business

Shanxi Province increased investment support to return home to start a business

On November 28, the reporter learned from the Provincial Department of Finance that since 2020, the province has promoted the entrepreneurship of returning home, and the provincial finance has been supported by the implementation of central policies, increase fund investment, and creates vitality of the creation of social innovation. Accelerate the revitalization of rural villages, promote urbanization construction and urban and rural integration development, stabilize and expand employment, play a positive role.

Actively implement tax reduction policies. 2020 tax tax is reduced by 7.57 million yuan, and the tax cut is 2.96 million yuan before 7 months.

The provincial finance will continue to pay attention to the implementation of relevant policies, ensuring that the tax preferential policies are in place, so that the market entity should enjoy.

Increase bond arrangements. Our province’s active reserves return home into the country entrepreneurial industrial park, 43 demonstration park construction projects, the organization declared special bond demand 11.7 billion yuan, and 17 projects have been arranged for special bonds. Arrange the issuance of government bonds, used in the three major sectors of tourism roads and Jinyang, the Shuishi Expressway and the 4-provincial government.

Promote entrepreneurial loans. Our province has increased from 150,000 yuan from the previous 150,000 yuan to 300,000 yuan; Yuan, the longest period of up to 3 years. As of the end of September this year, the province issued a total of entrepreneurial guarantee loans, provincial and cities and counties payded by 14.86 million yuan.

Improve the support policy. Our province has issued the central and provincial employment subsidies fund billions, used to support the employment entrepreneurship of college graduates, poor labor, employment difficult personnel, retired soldiers, etc. Decades of 100 million yuan, implement 22 specific initiatives of "everyone’s certification, skills society"; set up provincial entrepreneurship guarantee funds, accumulating the collection of billions of money, benefiting 5682 households, and the average zoom in social investment is doubled. (Reporter Ren Zhixia) (Editor: Duan Siqi, Zhao Fang) Sharing let more people see recommendation reading.

Taixing 18 express brothers were high-grade workers

Taixing 18 express brothers were high-grade workers

This newspaper (Reporter Huang Hongtao correspondent Zhang Hongsheng) Recently, Jiangsu Taixing City Federation of Trade Unions held a certificate issuance ceremony for express delivery of the high-end professional skill level at Taixing Postal Branch, 18 express delivery brothers received a high-level professional skill level certificate.

This 18 express brothers are participating in the theoretical exams and actual operations in Taixing City Express Delivery Professional Skills Competition.

In addition to obtaining certificates, according to policy stipulations, all of them will pay a subsidiary of 1 year, they can go to the human society to receive the certification subsidy.According to Sun Jianmin, deputy director of the Taixing Municipal Human Social Strike, according to the relevant provisions of the vocational skills appraisal of Taixing, participate in the employee of the "double qualified" of the city’s first-level skill competition, can directly evaluate the advanced workers.

Li Bingliang, Party Group of Taixing Municipal Bureau, said that the trade union will be as always concerned about the express delivery, wholeheartedly help them solve the problem, do practical things.

The national business and commerce jointly launched a special investigation to investigate Xu Da Zhe Mei Ming and Xu Lejiang

The national business and commerce jointly launched a special investigation to investigate Xu Da Zhe Mei Ming and Xu Lejiang

Original title: National Industry and Commerce, Xiangxiang, a special investigation Executive Vice Chairman Xu Lejiang led the national industrial and commercial joint adjustment group to Hunan, and launched a research on "Giving play to enterprise innovation main role in strengthening national strategic science and technology power". During the period, Xu Dazhe, director of the Provincial Party Committee, and Director of the Standing Committee of the Provincial People’s Congress, the Provincial Party Committee, the provincial party committee, the governor Mao Weiming in Changsha and Xu Lejiang. The province leaders Huang Lanxiang, Xie Jianhui, Zhang Jianfei, Zhang Jian attended the investigation or attending the discussion. In the discussion, Xu Dazhe expressed his gratitude to the concerns of Hunan private economic development to the national industry and commerce.

He said that under the guidance of the socialist thinking of Chinese characteristics in Xi Jinping, Hunan has always adhered to "two unhappy", vigorously revitalize the physical economy, continuously accelerating the high-quality development of manufacturing, and continuously increase research and development investment, and strives to do strong enterprises , Cultivate small giants, promote private economy has become an important source of giving birth to new motility and enhance new motivation. At present, we are inuting the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping to inspect the spirit of the important speech of Hunan. The international creative business environment, these are inseparable from the continuous development of private economies. I hope that the National Industry and Commerce will continue to support the development of private economic development in our province, promote more enterprises to increase scientific and technological innovation, and brave in the service national strategy, in promoting rural revitalization, contributing to the construction of modern new Hunan contributed more power. During the Hunan, the research team has repeatedly discussed the relevant government departments, investment financing agencies and entrepreneurs.

Xu Lejiang pointed out in the discussion, in recent years, Hunan’s innovation development is good, breaking through many subversive frontier technology, "card neck" technology and domestic blank technology in technology innovation.

Hunan private enterprises have also achieved significant results in playing innovative subjects and promoting innovation.

With the new round of technology revolution and industrial change, the significance of strengthening national strategic science and technology power. Enterprises are the main body of technology innovation, which is an integral part of the national strategic technology force in the new stage. We have to build a strategic science and technology innovation policy system that facilitates future industrial competitive advantage, play the role of market mechanisms, strengthening scientific and technological innovation, adheres to science and technology, technology strong enterprises, and maintaining innovative development initiative to firmly master in your own hands; The government departments overter optimize the advantages of allocation resources, strengthen the strategic layout in the basic research and frontier field, focus on resolving basic issues and common problems.

I hope that Hunan will continue to support the work of the Industry and Commerce and serve the high quality development of private economies. The research team also examined relevant companies in Changsha. (Editor: Cao Wei, Xie Lei).

The National Bureau of Statistics interprets economic data in the first half of the year: stabilizing and stabilizing

The National Bureau of Statistics interprets economic data in the first half of the year: stabilizing and stabilizing

People’s Network Beijing July 15 (Zhao Zhuqing) On July 15, the State Council Information Office held a launch conference in the first half of 2021. Liu Aihua, a news spokesperson of the National Bureau of Statistics, and Liu Aihua, Director of the National Ministry of National Economics, said that in the first half of this year, the results of overall overturide prevention and control and economic and social development have been continuous expansion and consolidation, and the economic operation continues to stabilize, stably reinforced, stable For the better. In terms of feature, it is mainly reflected in five aspects: the economy continues to recover.

In the first half of the year, the gross domestic product increased year-on-year, in which the second quarter increased in the year-on-year, the growth rate increased in the year, and the average growth% of two years was increased in a quarter.

From the perspective of the relevant indicators, the whole society’s freight volume increased year-on-year in the first half of the year, with average growth in two years, and the total electricity consumption increased in year-on-year, with an average of 7% in two years. Economic structure adjustment optimization. First, the industrial support is strengthened.

In the first half of the year, the contribution rate of the service industry reached 53%, raising a percentage point in the first half; the manufacturing proportion is improved, the added value of manufacturing in the first half of the year, accounting for the gross domestic product, which is%, compared to the previous year In the same period, it increased a percentage point.

Second, consumption pulling is enhanced.

In the first half of the year, the final consumption expenditure’s contribution rate of economic growth reached%, higher than the capital formation of total points; upgraded goods consumption increased rapid growth, the first half of the limited unit sports entertainment products, communication equipment, cosmetics product retail The average growth rate of two years has exceeded 10%.

Third, the short board has increased rapid growth.

In the first half of the year, high-tech industrial investment, social sector investment two years ago increased% and%, respectively, faster than all investments and percentage points, respectively.

The fourth is that the ratio of urban and rural residents’ income is narrowed. The ratio of per capita disposable income in urban and rural residents in the first half of the year is reduced over the same period of the previous year.

Innovative dynamics continues to enhance. First, the new market subject has grown faster. At the end of June, based on the statistics of the basic units of the Bureau of Statistics, the number of corporate units exceeded 30 million, and the year increased. Second, the new industry has grown rapidly, in the first half of the year, the above-scale high-tech manufacturing has increased the average annual growth rate in two years, and it has accelerated a percentage point in the first quarter.

From January to May, the total profit of high-tech service industry enterprises above the scale increased by year-on-year, and the average growth% of two years was faster than the above service industry.

From the product, in the first half of the year, new energy vehicles, industrial robots, and integrated circuits have maintained a faster growth. Third, the new business, the new model grows strong.

In the first half of the year, the retail sales of physical commodities online increased in two years, accounting for the proportion of total retail sales of social consumer goods reached%. In the first half of the year, the national express delivery has broken through 50 billion pieces, close to the 2018 annual level.

The overall quality improvement is promoted.

First, corporate profit enhancements. From January to May, the total profits of industrial enterprises above the scale increased by year-on-year, with an average of two years, and the operating income profit increased%, which increased a percentage point than the same period of the previous year. From January to May, the total profits of service industry enterprises above the scale increased by more than year. Second, fiscal revenue continues to increase, from January to May, the national general public budget income increased year-on-year. Third, production capacity utilization increases.

The national industrial production capacity utilization in the second quarter is%, which increased by 4 percentage points in the same period of the previous year, and it has increased a percentage point in the first quarter. People’s livelihood guarantees continue to improve. First, the employment situation is generally stable. In the first half of the year, the urban survey of urban investigations was% average, down a percentage point in the same period of the previous year, a percentage point dropped below the first quarter, less than% or so. The national urban new employment is 6.98 million, and the% of the annual target task is completed. At the end of the second quarter, the running worker rural labor force was basically returned to the 2019 level.

Second, the consumption of residents rose.

In the first half of the year, the consumption price of residents rose in a year-on-year, in a relatively low level.

The third is that the income growth of residents and the basic synchronization of economic growth.

In the first half of the year, the per capita disposable income of the national residents increased by 12% year-on-year, with an average growth in two years, and the economic growth was basically synchronized. Liu Aihua said that from the above five aspects, the first half of the national economy can be said to be continuous and stable, stably reinforced, stabilized. But at the same time, it is also necessary to continue to evolve, and the external unstable, uncertain factors are more unbearable, and the domestic economic recovery is still unbalanced, and the basis of consolidating and stabilizing development still needs efforts.

Next, according to the decision-making deployment of the central economic work conference and the government’s work report, continue to deepen the structural reform of the supply side, focus on releasing domestic demand, and vigorously assist in the development of high-quality development, solidify high-quality development, and strive to complete the development of the whole year. Target task.

(Editor: Zhao Zhuqing, Lu Wei) Sharing let more people see recommendation reading.

Today, the world, promote the modernization of brewing industry chains in the development of regional integration

Today, the world, promote the modernization of brewing industry chains in the development of regional integration

  On October 12th, the 2021 Soviet Development Conference was held in Huai’an, and Jiangsu, the party secretary and chairman of Jiangsu, the chairman of the Board of Directors, pointed out that regional integration has created new opportunities for SuShang Development, and the world will be brewed industry. Concentrate, precisely promote strong links, make up the chain, enlain, radiate and drive the industry chain, enhance the development of interregional industries.

  On October 12, Jiangsu, the party committee secretary and chairman of the Yuanyuan Wine Co., Ltd.

Tan Xin took Zhou Ying said that the establishment of the national strategy of the Yangtze River Triangulation provides a broad space for enterprise development. Huai’an places a new coordinates, focusing on building "green highlands, hub new city", comprehensively builds the city of the Yangtze River Delta, optimizes the economic layout of the hub, and reshapes the prosperous scene of "Magnificent Southeast", ushered in New opportunities in the central city.

This world will grasp the golden development period of the opportunity, the emancipation, the magnification pattern, and liate the responsibility, and the regional integration is developed.

  "It is the company’s core values ??that is practicing in the world.

Zhou Suming said that the world has highlighted the integration of "Yuan Culture" and "Hi Industry", and expand the innovative model of the festive industry as a strong chain. Cut from the festive quotes, accompanied by the gift market, and make a pleasant industry chain.

Plan 2 square kilometers of festive industrial park, set up 1 billion yuan industrial guidance fund, attract platform companies with innovative genes, industry leading well-known festive brand enterprises enter the park, through equity investment, business cooperation, channel sharing, etc., to create a festive experience Production base, build a festive industrial chain cluster, and join hands with "sweet gold mine". "With the continuous expansion of the sales size of this world, we will play its own advantages, integrate upstream hard-hard packaging supporting enterprises, attracting higher enterprises to Lishui investment. Support existing supporting enterprise file upgrade, enhance competition Force. "Zhou Yuming said that to the end of" 14th Five-Year Plan ", it will drive support for industrial chain enterprises to achieve $ 5 billion. The world is also developed to develop local plants, establish a winemaking base, helping the village to revitalize and drive a common prosperity.

Since this year, the planting project of wine original food has been launched, and the "Company + Base + Farmers" has been launched, and there is high quality sorghum, wheat, rice and other orders. The company also invited experts from Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences to conduct technical guidance for soil improvement, variety choice, and field management to help farmers increase income.

Editor in charge: Zhang Meixia.

Underwater robot

Underwater robot

my country’s research and development of "exploration 4500" independent underwater robots, the first completed the Polarology test underwater robots Polar (science and technology point) exam personnel preparation on deck.

Shenyang Automation Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences is for the picture "Exploration 4500" autonomous underwater robot recycling. The Study of Shenyang Automation Research in the Chinese Academy of Sciences is for the map of the 79-day style test.

A few days ago, with the "Snow Dragon 2" examination boat slowly returned to the Shanghai Domestic Base Terminal, the nerves of the members of the Kodao team were gradually relaxed. In this exam, he and the "exploration 4500" self-underwater robot (hereinafter referred to as "Exploration 4500") was excellent, successfully completed the scientific examination of the Arctic high latitude sea ice coverage area. This is also the first time in my country’s first use of independent underwater robots in the Arctic high latitudes, and the valuable data sheets that have successfully dive will provide important scientific support for Arctic environmental protection. The first north polar is a very poor environment, and the scientific and technological personnel have conducted a series of technical upgrades, and the transformation of Shao Gang is a sub-research staff of the Shenyang Automation Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. This is his first participation in Polar Science. Like him, "exploration 4500" is also the first time. "Exploration 4500" presided over the research institute of Shenyang Automation, appearance like a "big yellow fish". Compared with ordinary uninhabited underwater robots, "Explore 4500" is more independent. Li Yang, deputy researcher in Shenyang Automation, told reporters: "Compared to the remote control underwater robot, ‘Explore 4500’ without cable connection, no artificial intervention can achieve independent navigation and execution detection, life is longer, work The range is also larger.

"Despite the" exploration 4500 "has been strong enough, but it is necessary to go to the extremely harsh environment. The researchers are still not very secure. Before departure, they have a series of technical upgrades, transformation, and improve the system. Reliability. In polar high latitude regions, scientific boats will displace them due to wind, streams, etc., causing the plazing and recycling of underwater robots to be implemented in a relative fixed area, and the ice layer will hinder the mangroves and water. The communication between the robots requires that underwater robots have autonomous guidance capabilities, and can accurately receive the maternal ship instructions, and adjust the operation trajectory according to the status of their own equipment, gradually rejuvenation to the maily during the recycling process, thus achieving automatic, safe recycling .

"Shao Gang introduced.

In response to the characteristics of high-intensity sea ice coverage of the Arctic examination work area, the scientific research team innovatively developed an acoustic remote control and automatic guidance-integrated ice recovery technology, ensuring that "exploration 4500" continued to submit success, and Safe recycling. Shao Gang said: "We also added emergency beacons, and the latter is used to make a relatively accurate direction when the card will not be determined in the ice or the naked eye." In addition, the scientific research team also "explore 4500" The fault handling process is optimized, so that it is independent to determine the state of themselves to make decisions. "After a period of continuous work, you can feel your body as our human beings." Shao Gang said, "If you feel that you’m" is not bad, you will continue to work; if you think it is not good, It will immediately send us a saver, and we will help it.

"Separable to test the polar weather," exploration 4500 "placed and recycling is very safe, but it has been fully prepared, but the polar weather is rapid, the science test team members and" exploration 4500 "have experienced unexpected difficulties in the Arctic Test.

Before an operation, the original dive area is plummeted, and the wind is mixed, and the visibility is very poor.

"At that time, our female ship has a ten seas from this work area. I have been very embarrassed in the navigation process, and I am worried that the equipment is unable to complete the equipment.

"Shao Gang recalls.

When the busil is reaches the underlying area, the weather began to turn off, but the previous cooling and storm snow makes the sea quickly icing, the water range is much lower than before, and it adds great difficulties and risks to the rack of robots.

The robot is nowhere to "foot", and the time of the examination task is urgent and can’t delay. What should I do? Finally, Shao Gang and colleagues decided to use the marshal to break ice, artificially opened a water environment that can be placed underwater robots.

Shao Gang said: "The waters of the ice-break is very small, in fact, it is not conducive to our recycling of underwater robots. Fortunately, we finally completed the cloth and safety recycling, and proved that ‘exploration 4500’ has poor harsh The ability to carry out science test applications in the environment.

"Many regions of the polar ocean are covered by sea ice, and investigating the sea ice characteristics and ice seas are an important part of the polar investigation.

Li Shuo, deputy director of Shenyang Automation Research Institute, said that polar science test has always been the key direction of underwater robot development.

In recent years, the Shenyang Automation Institute has four types of 6 sets of unmanned underwater robots to participate in 8 polar science exams, and made an important contribution to our country. "Self-underwater robots mainly undertake three tasks in polarography.

"Li Yang said," First, the observation and detection of ice floes, understand its thickness, state, and movement conditions; the second is to measure water parameters, including water depth, temperature, salinity, etc., three is to carry out seabed terrain Fine detection, on this basis, some mineral resources in the sea can also be found. "Traditional sea ice test methods are drilled on sea ice, which is relatively low, and the obtained data is limited, and there is a lot of limitations.

Autonomous underwater robots are not affected by sea ice, and can reach the area where someone cannot reach, a larger range, greater depth, and longer scientific investigation. Moreover, the sampling is flexible and accurate, which helps to increase the quality of the collection sample and increase the number of sample collected. "Code staff can visually observe the polarized underwater world through imaging equipment installed by camera, camera and imaging sounds installed on underwater robots." Li Yang said.

Li Shuo said: "This time, it will apply to the Arctic examination task of the North Pole, let us know more about the needs of scientists for intelligent robotics.

The scientific research team will use this as the starting point, closely connect technology innovation and scientific demand, continuously optimize and upgrade, providing more intelligent technical means for the more exploration operations of Arctic examinations in the future, and help scientists get more valuable data And information. "The function of advances can reach millimeters, can be far from thousands of kilometers, the application is more and more widely used in the 1970s, and some countries began to develop uninhabited underwater robots for polar investigating, currently Many types mainly include remote control (cable) and autonomous (cableless).

Li Yang said that my country has been developing underwater robot from the 1980s, and the Shenyang Automation Institute is one of the main R & D units. "But the leaping development of Polar Kicking underwater robots is mainly in more than 10 years. During this period, we have developed a ‘margin Rov’ ‘Northern ARV’ and ‘exploration AUV’ and other underwater robots, and participated in multiple Polar University. Test, all achieved successful applications.

"In recent years, the major needs of the country, Shenyang Automation Institute has been committed to promoting the principical development of underwater robots, and now we have realized all from the water to the water, and it has also achieved a few kilometers. There are thousands of kilometers full coverage.

"Our team is mainly focused on the R & D and application of uninhabited underwater robots. At present, there is currently the main function and performance indicators in my country." Li Yang said.

With the development of underwater machine, its application is also more extensive, and the work environment is increasingly extremely and complex. Li Yang told reporters that in addition to the polar, they currently launched a scientific investigation in the Plateau Lake, the Pacific Plateau, the Pacific Ocean.

"These are very extremely and complex environments, which have highly demanded a high demand for independent control technology of unneaffected robots. We need to carry more sensors in limited space, which is the compatibility of the overall layout and battery. It has been a major challenge.

"In the future, the development of the world’s self-underwater robot will develop toward more intelligent direction, with stronger environmental adaptability and stronger synergy capability." Most of our original autonomous robots are preparatory Before the water, researchers have given it a good program in advance, telling it the goals and paths.

"Li Yang said that with intelligent development, human intervention will be less and less, and the autonomous robot will become more and more smart, and the role is getting bigger and bigger.

Shandong Provincial Party Committee Standing Committee held a meeting to seriously study General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech

Shandong Provincial Party Committee Standing Committee held a meeting to seriously study General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech

Original title: Seriously study the general secretary of Xi Jinping, the important speech, on the morning of August 27th, the Standing Committee of Shandong Provincial Party Committee held a meeting, earnestly studying General Secretary Xi Jinping in the economic and social field expert symposium and solid promoting the Changda Triangle Integration Development Symposium The spirit of speech, research and implementation of opinions. Liu Jiayi, secretary of the Provincial Party Committee, presided over the meeting and speaking.

  The meeting pointed out that the important speech of General Secretary Xi Jinping, using Marxist political economics methodology, focusing on the long-term, grasping the great potential, scientifically systematically answering a series of major issues in the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, and deepening the law of development Understanding, further strengthening development confidence, cohesive struggle, has important guiding significance. The important speech of the General Secretary is an important part of Xi Jinping’s socialist economic thinking in the new era, and opened up the new realm of contemporary China Marxism political economy.

We must continue to strengthen the theoretical armed, and do the unpacking minds of socialist economic ideas in Xi Jinping’s new era. It is necessary to read the first, second, three volumes of "Xi Jinping Taoism Trunger Rationalism", focus on enhance the theoretical literacy of leadership cadres, in theory, clearly ensuring political, and resolute. To strengthen the practice, implement the fact that General Secretary of the Popular Secretary on the Work of Shandong ‘s Work, the powerful spiritual power of China’s characteristic socialist thinking, and the vivid practice of consciousness and high quality development of the people’s first actions and high quality development. .

It is necessary to correctly face the intricate domestic and international economic situation, and more unswervingly deepen the reform and opening up, implement innovative driving development strategies, promote the high-quality development of economic and social, and strengthen "four awareness", and firm "four confidence" To "two maintenance". The meeting also studied other matters. (路 国 国) (Editor: Liu Yingwei, Xing Manhua).