ProSpect Of India’s Military Reform Remains Dim
Xu Yucheng Li Jiaxiang BYXUZICHENGANDLIJIASHENG Recently, the Indian army moves frequently: "gust of wind" fighters, "Fire-5" ballistic missile test … There is a stressed, this is the results of the new year of India. In this regard, some analysts pointed out that the Yin army faces many resistance in the process of reforming the reform of the informatization. TheIndianmilitaryhasbeenquitebusyrecently, fromcommissioningtheRafalefighterstotest-firingtheAgni-Vballisticmissile …, whichIndianmediadescribedastheachievementsofthecountry ‘, theIndianmilitary’sreformtowardstreamlined, theater-basedandinformation-basedarmedforcesmightstillfaceahostofobstacles. First, the relationship between the civilian and the military is still hard to straighten out.
First, THelerationShiPbetweencivilofficialSandmilitaryofficersremainStangled. India attempt to strengthen the communication between civilian and military, and directly incorporate military opinions into government decision-making system, and change the situation of the defense ministers who have been born only by the civil defense for decision-making. For a long time, the Indian army has long been led by civil servants, obeying government decisions without participating in policy development.
The Indian government is worried that the professional military will have a long-term position of important positions, which will increase military governance risks.
Under the context of military reform, military comments will be incorporated into government decisions, which is new to government and military. Duringthereform, theIndianmilitarytriestostrengthenthecommunicationandcoordinationbetweencivilofficialsandmilitaryofficerstosqueezethemilitary’sopinionsintothegovernment’sdecision-makingsystemandchangethesituationthatonlythedefenseminister, whousuallycomesfromacivilbackground ,, theIndianmilitaryhasalwaysbeenledbycivilofficials, withonlyobligationstofollowthegovernment’sdecisionsbutnorighttoparticipateinpolicy-making, becausetheIndiangovernmentworriesthathavingprofessionalservicemeninimportantpositionsfort, themilitary’sopinionswillbeincorporatedintothedecision-makingprocess, whichwillbeanewtestforboththegovernmentandthemilitary. Second, the long gap TNI internal armed services.
SECOND, DIFFERENTMILITARYSERVICESREMAINESTRANGED. India tries to promote military command system into the battle area.
India’s new national defense chief, unified coordination of land sea and air three armies, in addition, plans to integrate the original 19 commanders into five battlefield commanders.
However, the current status and contradiction is that India’s three armed forces are political, striving for resources, and the status is homesome. They all try to expand the national defense resources for their own weaponry development and strength. Previously, India purchased 22 AH-64E "Apache" helicopters, which plan to equip the Air Force, but the army strongly requested half of them.
After being rejected by the Air Force, the Army turned and requested the purchase of 39 helicopters. Some analysts pointed out that according to the tradition of the Yinjun, officials who have a deep army background hosted the establishment of the military system reform, which is hard to get the sea-horizon.
In, navyandairforce, andita, navyandairforcearesonot-coordinatedthattheyconstantlyfightforresourcesandposition, alleagertosecurenationaldefenseresourcestodevelo, Indiabought22AH-64EApachehelicoptersthatwereintendedfortheairforce, butthearmyinsistedonhavinghalfofthemand, whenitsrequestwasrejectedbytheairforce ,, ifthereformforatheater-basedcommandsystemisledbyanofficialwithastrongarmybackground, it’sunlikelytogetsupportfromthenavyandairforce. The third is affected by the new crown pneumonia epidemic and the economic downturn, India’s many programs within the military reform measures had to be postponed .
Third, IndiahastopostponeMeasureSduetocovid-19andeconomicsLowdown As the world’s largest weapon importing country, India faces the problem of integrated multi-complex weapons.
In order to get rid of excessive dependence on foreign weapons and equipment, the so-called "national defense independent", India has issued an import ban on hundreds of weapons, but did not achieve significant results. Astheworld’slargestweaponimporter, Indiafacested "defenseindependence", NewDelhionceissuedabanontheimportofhundredstypesofweapons, butthatdidn’tseemtotakemucheffect. India began a new round of military reform in 2019.
It should be pointed out that India’s round-tier reform is built under the strong promotion of Moddy and its people’s party, and many of the time nodes of many reform measures are set before Moti’s second term.
Considering that India pushes the slowness of domestic reforms, this round of military reform is still "thunderous heavy rain", still needs to continue to observe.
India’snewroundofmilitaryreformbeganin2019andhasbeenstronglypushedbyModiandhisBharatiyaJanataParty (BJP) withmanymeasuresscheduledwithinModi ‘, whetherthenewroundofmilitaryreformwillbeanothercaseof "muchcryandlittlewool" isstilltobeseen (Author: Air Force Engineering University, Xi’an Jiaotong University). (TheauthorsarefromtheAirForceEngineeringUniversityoftheChinesePeople’sLiberationArmy (PLA) andtheXi’anJiaotongUniversity).